Background information on Nairobi City County
Nairobi City County is one of the 47 counties in the Republic of Kenya that were established under the constitution of Kenya 2010. The County is the successor of the defunct City Council of Nairobi, and operates under the County Governments Act and a host of other statutes.
The County is situated at 1°17′South 36°49′ East in South-Central Kenya, 140 Kilometres (87 miles) south of the Equator. It is surrounded by 113 km² (70 mi²) of plains, cliffs and forest that makes up the city’s Nairobi National Park. It is adjacent to the eastern edge of the Rift Valley, and to the west of the city, are The Ngong Hills. Mount Kenya is situated north of Nairobi, and Mount Kilimanjaro is towards the south-east.
It is the most populous city in East Africa, with a current estimated population of about 3.5 million. This makes it the 14th largest city in Africa. Being Kenya’s capital and the arrival point for many visitors, it is well served by international airlines, and a regional road network linking it to other major East African urban centres. Railways link Nairobi to Mombasa, Kenya’s second largest city located on the shores of the Indian Ocean and Kisumu, the third largest city, located on the shores of Lake Victoria.
The Nairobi City County Government is charged with the responsibility of providing a variety of services to residents within its area of jurisdiction. These include functions that have been devolved under part two of the fourth Schedule of the Constitution.
The county is composed of 17 Administrative Sub-Counties consisting of 85 Wards. The Sub-Counties are Westlands, Dagoretti North, Dagoretti South, Langata, Kibra, Roysambu, Kasarani, Ruaraka, Embakasi South, Embakasi North, Embakasi Central, Embakasi East, Embakasi West, Makadara, Kamukunji, Starehe and Mathare. The County has a total of 127 Members of County Assembly (MCAs) – 85 elected and 42 nominated in accordance with Article 177 (b) of the Constitution
The Nairobi City County, in execution of responsibilities and functions bestowed upon it by the Constitution has been divided into two arms as follows:
- The Legislative Arm or the County Assembly headed by the Speaker
- The Executive Arm led by the Governor
The Nairobi City County Assembly (NCCA):
The Speaker is the head of the legislature and presides over the plenary sittings of the County Assembly. The legislative arm of the County is responsible for legislation, oversight and representation. The legislature comprises of elected and nominated Members of the County Assembly who perform their legislative, oversight and representation function through the organs of the County Assembly namely the plenary and the various committees of the Assembly.
The Nairobi City County Executive Committee:
This is the Executive arm of the County Government led by the Governor, the Deputy Governor and Members of the County Executive Committee. Broadly, the County Executive Committee consists of the County Public Service Board and the County Executive Committee. The County Executive Committee, appointed by the governor with the approval of the County Assembly, comprises ten members and is the highest policy making organ of the county. Each member of the County Executive Committee is responsible for operations of the respective sector within the County.